The EU’s foreign, security and defence policy: shaped by inter-organisational relations?
CEUR Guest Lectures Series
The development of the foreign, security and defence policy of the European Union has been one of the single main novelties of the past 10 years on the international scene. In many respects, what happens within the EU challenges many conventional wisdoms – see, e.g., the establishment of the EEAS. This development can and has been interpreted and explained from many different perspectives. Each based on their own theoretical assumptions, they would highlight, e.g., the preferences of member states and converging national policy changes; the impact of enlargement; the internal dynamics of integration; or international trends and events, and ensuing expectations on the EU’s role. The impact of outside players can be seen as important, too, and among them, the role of other international organisations seems to grow. In particular, the UN and NATO are in increasingly close interaction with the EU in the field of security. This interaction is, for various reasons, only emerging as a field of study but theoretically promising and empirically of central importance for understanding the EU’s development in this field. The organisations have come to share the same domain; they shape each other and impact on each others’ nature. Several mechanisms of interaction have been identified, such as cooperation, rivalry, or imitation. What this may mean for the future of European politics, and what the role and impact of interorganisational relations is for our understanding of international relations at large, will be discussed, too.
Dr Hanna Ojanen works as researcher at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs and is Adjunct Professor (Docent) in International Politics at the University of Helsinki. Her main research interests are interorganisational relations in the field of security and defence, European defence integration, Nordic cooperation and Turkish foreign policy. Previously, she has worked among others as Head of Research at the Swedish Institute of International Affairs. In the framework of the Marie Curie ITN EXACT, she organised last year an intensive training course in professional skills for researchers in EU external relations. She holds a Doctorate in Political and Social Sciences of the European University Institute (EUI) in Florence. Her recent publications include: together with Jan Joel Andersson, Erik Brattberg, Malin Häggqvist and Mark Rhinard, ‘The European Security Strategy: Reinvigorate, Revise or Reinvent?’ Occasional Papers No 7, The Swedish Institute of International Affairs (Stockholm, June 2011); ’European Defence: Functional Transformation Under Way’, in Frédéric Merand, Martial Foucault and Bastien Irondelle (eds.) European Security since the Fall of the Berlin Wall (University of Toronto Press 2011); ‘The EU as a security actor: in and with the UN and NATO’, in Dimitris Bourantonis and Spyros Blavoukos (eds.) The EU Presence in International Organisations (Routledge 2011).