Publications of Kontler, L.
Translation and Comparison, Translation as Comparison: Aspects of Reception in the History of Ideas
This article addresses the methodological issues involved in the study of interlingual translation as an avenue of reception in the history of ideas. In particular, it assesses the possible uses of linguistic contextualism and conceptual history (Begriffsgeschichte) in this endeavor. It argues that both of these approaches have been, or are capable of being, far more sensitive towards the phenomenon of reception than it is usually acknowledged and, indeed, this is an area where cross-fertilization between them (often commended in general but rarely if ever in specific terms) is a practical possibility. Perspectives from Rezeptionsgeschichte may provide useful tools for building bridges between them. A few case studies in translation history are then critically examined, and on the basis of the foregoing methodological reflections propositions are made for further refining the approach taken in those case studies.
Translation and Comparison II: Early-Modern and Current Perspectives
Knowledge translation has been widely taken up as an innovative process to facilitate the uptake of research-derived knowledge into health care services. Drawing on a recent research project, we engage in a philosophic examination of how knowledge translation might serve as vehicle for the transfer of critically oriented knowledge regarding social justice, health inequities, and cultural safety into clinical practice. Through an explication of what might be considered disparate traditions (those of critical inquiry and knowledge translation), we identify compatibilities and discrepancies both within the critical tradition, and between critical inquiry and knowledge translation. The ontological and epistemological origins of the knowledge to be translated carry implications for the synthesis and translation phases of knowledge translation. In our case, the studies we synthesized were informed by various critical perspectives and hence we needed to reconcile differences that exist within the critical tradition. A review of the history of critical inquiry served to articulate the nature of these differences while identifying common purposes around which to strategically coalesce. Other challenges arise when knowledge translation and critical inquiry are brought together. Critique is one of the hallmark methods of critical inquiry and, yet, the engagement required for knowledge translation between researchers and health care administrators, practitioners, and other stakeholders makes an antagonistic stance of critique problematic. While knowledge translation offers expanded views of evidence and the complex processes of knowledge exchange, we have been alerted to the continual pull toward epistemologies and methods reminiscent of the positivist paradigm by their instrumental views of knowledge and assumptions of objectivity and political neutrality. These types of tensions have been productive for us as a research team in prompting a critical reconceptualization of knowledge translation.
Book review: R.J.W. Evans: Austria, Hungary, and the Habsburgs: Essays on Central Europe, c. 1683-1867
The article reviews the book "Austria, Hungary and the Habsburgs: Essays on Central Europe c. 1683-1867," by R.J.W. Evans.
What is the (Historians') Enlightenment Today?
The article discusses the modern concept of Enlightenment, which was proposed at the Twentieth International Congress of Historical Sciences in Sydney, New South Wales. Several social and political practices and transformations were discussed including the French Revolution. The implications of Enlightenment differed widely. Toleration, anti-clericalism, skepticism, deism and atheism are still considered as valuable subjects of research on Enlightenment, however, studies became more systematic.
Book review: Hahner Péter: Régi rend alkonyya
Review: Hahner Péter: A régi rend alkonya
Book review: Istvan Hont: Jealousy of Trade. International Competition and the Nation-State in Historical Perspective
Review: Istvan Hont: Jealousy of Trade. International Competition and the Nation-State in Historical Perspective
Beauty Or Beast, Or Monstrous Regiments? Robertson And Burke On Women And The Public Scene
The Enlightenment can usefully be conceived as a confrontation with eroding Christian and classical republican ethics. It was permeated with assumptions about women and the gendered dichotomy between public and private spheres. While William Robertson and Edmund Burke, along with many of their contemporaries, remained committed to Christian- and republican-based conceptions of virtue, they were working within a new Enlightenment paradigm. Its political agenda has to be understood by way of its configurations of beauty, taste, and morality as these relate to the imperatives and needs of modern societies of a high level of sophistication and differentiation. An examination of two themes in the work of Robertson and Burke—the nature of women in “savage” and “civilized” societies, and “beauty in distress”—reveals how long-held convictions about the character of women, especially with regard to their capacity and right to appear in the public domain, were modified and adjusted to the idea of progress, and became central to an enlightened affirmation of modern European civilization. The result had its ironies. On the one hand, a positive public and indeed political role was invented for women that is central to understanding the overall thrust of a political discourse based on politeness, civility, refinement and similar values specifically associated with modern commercial societies. On the other hand, though the complexity of this model of society gave ample scope to informal and spontaneous vehicles of social disciplining, whatever room was left for the more traditional ways of governing polities through the direct exertion of political power remained closed to women: the very features that opened for them the opportunity to play political roles through sociability in the public sphere also circumscribed them.
Book review: Szekeres András (ed.): A történész szerszámosládája. A jelenkori történeti gondolkodás néhány aspektusa
Review: Szekeres András (ed.): A történész szerszámosládája. A jelenkori történeti gondolkodás néhány aspektusa
William Robertson and his German Audience on European and non-European Civilisations
Assesses the perception of historian William Robertson on the European civilization. Use of conjectural history in enriching the perspectives of traditional philosophical history; Historiographical achievement of Robertson; Presentation of the transatlantic and eastern worlds and Europe by Robertson.
Book review: Laszló Péter: Az Elbától keletre. Tanulmányok a magyar es kelet-európai tórténelemből
Reviews the book 'Az Elbatol keletre. Tanulmanyok a magyar es kelet-europai tortenelembol,' by Laszlo Peter.
Central Europe: Ten Years After
Introduces Central Europe after ten years of historical, political and social changes since 1989. Interest in Central European studies and scholarship; Overview of articles in the included in the periodical `European Review of History' for its March 1, 1999 issue.
Millennium in Central Europe : a history of Hungary
Czech edition (Prague:Lidové noviny, 2001); Russian edition (Moscow: Ves Mir, 2002); revised English edition (Basingstoke:Palgrave/Macmillan, 2002); Slovene edition (Ljubljana: Slovenska matica, 2005); Croatian edition (Zagreb:Sredná Evropa, 2007); German edition (Berlin: Fink-Schöningh, forthcoming), Bulgarian edition(forthcoming).
Introduction: Reflections on Symbolic Geography[sup1]
Assesses the historical, cultural and geographical identity of Central Europe. Correlation between geography and social science; Geography during the Enlightenment period in Europe; Nationalism in Europe; Emergence of Central Europe from literary and academic pursuit.
Book review: Hahner Péter: Thomas Jefferson és a francia forradalom
Review:Hahner Péter: Thomas Jefferson és a francia forradalom
Memory & history—memoire & histoire
Contemporary critics blamed Edmund Burke for condemning the French Revolution on an insufficient basis of first hand experience. Burke's observations made during his short visits to France were indeed hardly more than marginal to his view of the old regime, which, however, he saw not as the system of French government and society, but as the order of European civilisation. He therefore appreciated the example of Britain as the most successful realisation of potentials inherent in all European nations. Among his German admirers, experience in the Hanoverian administration prompted Ernst Brandes and August Wilhelm Rehberg to take more account of the anachronisms of the 'Standestaat', and to hold up Britain for imitation because it was different from the continent. It was Friedrich Gentz whose attitudes resembled those of Burke's most closely on this score, too.
The ancien regime in memory and theory. Edmund Burke and his German followers
Discusses Edmund Burke's condemnation of the French Revolution in favor of the French monarchy or `ancien regime' as evidenced by his anti-revolutionary texts. Aversion to revolution in the late eighteenth century Britain; Questions on the validity of Burke's assessment of France's `ancien regime'; Recollection of Burke's visits to pre-revolutionary France.
Book review: Alexander Broadie: The Scottish Enlightenment: an Anthology
Review: Alexander Broadie: The Scottish Enlightenment: an Anthology
Book review: Mária Ludassy: Az eszmetörténet-írás ígéretei
Review: Mária Ludassy
Book review: J.C. Davis: Utopia and the Ideal Society. A Study of English Utopian Writing
Review: J.C. Davis: Utopia and the Ideal Society. A Study of English Utopian Writing